Quran is the last and most sacred Book of Allah (SWT) which was revealed to the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) who is the last messenger of Allah (SWT). Quran is the message of Allah(SWT) which was conveyed to the Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) to be spread across the world. Not only our beloved Prophet spread the message of Allah (SWT) but also showed explained the message of Allah(SWT) through his practices sayings along with the practical application of the laws mentioned in the Quran. Sunnah are not just the actions of the Prophet but it also includes the sayings, other practices and actions which gained approval from him.
The beauty of Sunnah is not just in the knowledge that this practice is done by our beloved Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) but also in the fact that it clearly explains the meaning of things which are unclear in the Quran text. Not only Sunnah are the acts done by the Prophet but it also explains the objective of the certain commandement or an action. Sunnah explains Quran and its different verses in many ways. Just as same in the case of worshiping Allah (SWT) in which Almighty Allah commands Muslims to pray without mentioning how to pray and what time the Muslim should pray. Our Holy Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) explained the way we should worship Allah (SWT) along with the timings of the prayer when they are to be performed. The Prophet Muhammad (SWT) says:
“Pray as you have seen me pray” (Sahih Bukhari).
Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) was a complete embodiment of the Holy Quran. Whatever He said or did is according to the guidance from Allah (SWT)
Sunnah demonstrates the general statements of the Holy Quran in a way that the Muslims can understand and implement them in their lives. Allah (SWT) says in the Quran:
“God commands you regarding your children: to the male, a portion equal to that of two females…” (Quran 4:11).
The above text in general explains that every child of the family is an inheritor of what his or her parents have left behind. The Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad further explains this law which states:
“We Prophets leave behind no inheritance. Whatever we leave behind is charity.”
Other than historical events and stories of the past mentioned in the Quran are explained in detail by our beloved Prophet either through verbal explanations or through his actions.
Types of Sunnah
As we now understand that the Sunnah is the actions or the sayings of the Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H). We should also understand that there are three types of Sunnah that we should follow which are mentioned below:
This Sunnah is the sayings of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H). In which all words, counsels, and perspectives of the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) include which is generally known as Hadith.
Sunnah al Fiiliyyah:
In this Sunnah, the actions of Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) comes including both religious and worldly actions.
Sunnah that approved by Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) regarding the actions of the Companions in two different ways. Firstly, When Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) kept silent for an action that took place in His presence and He did not oppose that action, this showing his silent approval. Secondly, when Prophet Muhammad (SAW) showed His pleasure and smiled at a companion’s action, showing his approval.
May Almighty Allah give us the strength to follow the Sunnah of our beloved Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) and make us part of the group who is among the most righious! Ameen